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Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology multi-part question and need an expla

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Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Week 10: Psychological Risks of Police Work
War is hell. William Tecumseh Sherman, the Civil War general, immortalized these words during a speech to the Michigan Military Academy graduating class of 1879. The phrase had such an impact and ring of truth that it continues to be quoted even today. War, indeed, is controversial, and brings with it destruction, death, and casualties. Yet, young people, though aware of the dangers and hardships of war, continue to join the military.
Police officers, like soldiers who enlist in the military, join the police force in hopes of helping people in need, even though they will bear witness to disasters and life’s difficulties. They see casualties of poverty, drug abuse, and violence. Like soldiers, they may suffer physical, psychological, and emotional scars as a result. This week, you examine the consequences and risks of police work, as well as consider the times in a police professional’s career when forensic psychology interventions may be the most beneficial.
LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this week, you should be able to:
Analyze psychological risks of police work
Apply interventions to mitigate the effects of psychological risks of police work
Analyze police professionals’ reactions to stress
Learning Resources
REQUIRED READINGS
Ainsworth, P. B. (2002). Psychology and policing. Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.Chapter 8, “Stress and Policing”
Chopko, B. A., & Schwartz, R. C. (2009). The relation between mindfulness and posttraumatic growth: A study of first responders to trauma-inducing incidents. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 31(4), 363–376.Cross, C. L., & Ashley, L. (2004). Police trauma and addiction. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 73(10), 24–32. Hennig-Fast, K., Werner, N. S., Lermer, R., Latscha, K., Meister, F., Reiser, M., … Meindl, T. (2009). After facing traumatic stress: Brain activation, cognition and stress coping in policemen. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 43(14), 1146–1155. Regehr, C., LeBlanc, V., Blake Jelley, R., & Barath, I. (2008). Acute stress and performance in police recruits. Stress and Health, 24(4), 295–303. Violanti, J. M. (2004). Predictors of police suicide ideation. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 34(3), 277–283. REQUIRED MEDIA
Police Officer Time Line—Richard Walker’s StoryTranscript: Police Officer Time Line—Richard Walker’s Story (PDF)OPTIONAL RESOURCES
Demerouti, E., Guerts, Sabine A. E., Bakker, A. B., & Euwema, M. (2004). The impact of shiftwork on work-home conflict, job attitudes and health. Ergonomics, 47(9), 987–1002.Huizink, A. C., Slottje, P., Witteveen, A. B., Bijlsma, J. A., Twisk, J. W. R., Smidt, N., … Smid, T. (2006). Long term health complaints following the Amsterdam air disaster in police officers and fire fighters. Occupational Environmental Medicine, 63(10), 657–662.Prochniak, P. (2009). Polish police officers: Personality and risk taking. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 24(2), 104–107.Discussion 1: Psychological Risks of Police Work
The job of a police officer has inherent physical and psychological risks. What kind of person seeks a job that involves such a high level of personal risk? Sigmund Freud suggested that people have a “drive toward death” (or “death wish”) that leads them to be involved in risk-taking behavior such as bungee jumping, skydiving, or mountain climbing. An almost opposing biological explanation is that people may want the euphoria that comes when endorphins are released in the brain during risk-taking behavior. Aside from a death wish, or a desire to feel good, there may be personality aspects that drive individuals to be involved in risky behavior, and risk-related occupations such as policing.
In his study of Polish police, Piotr Prochniak (2009) found that police officers scored higher on the “impulsive sensation-seeking” aspect of Zuckerman’s personality scale than the control group. Whether or not the majority of American police officers are risk takers is unknown; however, there is no doubt that the job entails daily exposure to significant risks and crises. Just by going to an unknown location, or by responding to a distressed citizen, police officers may be putting themselves into danger that could result in injury, death, or psychological trauma. They may see horrors and abuse that most people never see or experience. As a result, police professionals may be at a higher risk for psychological consequences.
In the preceding weeks of this course, you examined the various roles that a forensic psychology professional has when working with and in a police organization. This week, you consider additional roles and new functions of the roles you have already examined. Through these roles, forensic psychology professionals can recommend or be involved in programs and interventions that prevent or respond to police professional outcomes and responses to psychological risk.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Review Chapter 8 from your course text, Psychology and Policing. Think about the various stressors police professionals encounter and consider their impact. Focus on interventions (e.g., services, consultations, assistance) that forensic psychology professionals could use to mitigate these stressors.
Review the article, “Acute Stress and Performance in Police Recruits.” Consider interventions that forensic psychology professionals could provide police professionals early in their careers to reduce psychological risk.
Review the interactive time line depicting the lifespan of Officer Richard Walker, and consider the psychological risks that are present throughout his lifespan. Think about the points in this lifespan when interventions by forensic psychology professionals could make a difference or impact the outcome of Walker’s reaction to psychological risks.
Select two points of time in Officer Walker’s lifespan when psychological risks are present or possible. Consider the interventions that forensic psychology professionals could use that would impact the outcomes of these stressors and produce a result different from what transpired in the lifespan time line.
With these thoughts in mind:
BY DAY 3Post a brief description of the two points in Officer Walker’s lifespan when he may be vulnerable to psychological risk. Analyze and explain why you think these points are risks. Then, analyze the interventions that forensic psychology professionals could use to make a difference in the outcome of Walker’s reactions to these stressors and what these differences could be. Support your analysis with references to the Learning Resources.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.
BY DAY 5Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:
Ask a probing question.
Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
Offer and support an opinion.
Validate an idea with your own experience.
Make a suggestion.
Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you have learned and/or any insights you have gained as a result of your colleagues’ comments.
SUBMISSION AND GRADING INFORMATIONGrading CriteriaTo access your rubric:
Week 10 Discussion 1 RubricPost by Day 3 and Respond by Day 5To participate in this Discussion:
Week 10 Discussion 1Discussion 2: Analyzing Police Work Risk Outcomes
As police professionals progress through their careers, they encounter a variety of potentially stressful situations related to their job duties and the communities they protect. Through the process of recruit training and probationary assignments, police professionals are influenced by several factors that define their identities and guide them on their professional growth. Environmental, personal, and psychological variables interact and influence police professionals throughout the various stages of the police lifespan. Based on reactions police have to certain internal and external stressors, their decisions regarding social, personal, and professional choices can be affected and may lead to dysfunctional behaviors and activities. Once a forensic psychology professional understands the potential reactions to, and causes of, stress, their influence and subsequent consequences can provide prevention or intervention strategies to ensure a police professional’s successful progress through the police lifespan.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Review Chapter 8 in the course text, Psychology and Policing. Think about likely police professional reactions to stress.
Review the article, “The Relation Between Mindfulness and Posttraumatic Growth: A Study of First Responders to Trauma-Inducing Incidents.” Consider the potential police reactions to trauma-inducing incidents.
Review the article, “Police Trauma and Addiction,” and consider the connection between stress and addiction.
Review the article, “After Facing Traumatic Stress: Brain Activation, Cognition and Stress Coping in Policemen.” Consider the possible reactions to stress that police professionals could have and why.
Review the article, “Predictors of Police Suicide Ideation,” and think about the possible negative reactions to stress that police professionals could experience.
Select two possible reactions to, or outcomes of, stress that police professionals could experience throughout their professional lifespan. Think about which outcome or response is more likely and consider why.
With these thoughts in mind:
BY DAY 4Post a description of two potential police professional reactions to, or outcomes of, stress. Analyze and explain which reaction or outcome you believe is more likely, and justify your responses with references to the Learning Resources.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.
BY DAY 7Respond to at least one of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:
Ask a probing question.
Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
Offer and support an opinion.
Validate an idea with your own experience.
Make a suggestion.
Expand

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