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Learning Goal: I’m working on a writing discussion question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
I have worked in Healthcare for over ten years – First as a CNA, then an Office Manager for a large home-health agency, and for the last eight years in the Public Health sector. I am still formulating ideas for my topic, as I am very passionate about Healthcare Equity, addressing disparities, Economic Issues, Research Ethics, and all other areas where the Healthcare community could/should improve.
Induction is a logical model in which general principles are developed from specific observations, whereas deduction is the logical model in which specific expectations of a hypotheses are developed based on general principles. Deductive theories originate from a general statement(s) and thus predict observations. Inductive theories originate from specific observations and onto general patterns.
Ethical issues in social research:
Voluntary Participation –No, you cannot force anyone to participate in research.
No Harm to Participants – AKA Beneficence, subjects should not be harmed by the research, if anything, participants should benefit from research. There a many instances where research violated this particular ethical issue and participants, their families, and communities suffered.
Anonymity and Confidentiality – This is particularly important to participants. Example: If you have individuals participating in a social research experiment where detailed personal information is used – could be anything really, Keeping your participants’ anonymity and their information confidential is not just ethical, but for future research where trust has remained intact between researchers and possible future participants. So, for the love of Science and future research – Keep Participants’ information confidential.
Deception – pretty simple, right? Don’t deceive. Even if you believe that your deception in justifiable in the name of research, and I can see where someone might feel as though in order to obtain accurate unbiased observational data, deception as a tool of necessity, however, it is still deceptive and can and will be arguable along the ethical standards of research. Your deception within research needs to be justifiable.
Debriefing – This is the opportunity for the researcher to discuss any issues generated by the research experience and correct if need be. This is also a time for the researcher to discuss the outcome of the study to participants. This should be done with thoughtfulness, depending on the research outcomes, as to not discourage or create ill feelings for the participant.
I hope to learn a lot from this class and explore all it has to offer.
2. Deductive research methods start with an observation instead of a theory or hypothesis like inductive research methods. Inductive research methods are used to test a hypothesis, while deductive research methods start with observations and creates a hypothesis based on the observations obtained.
3. There are a few ethical issues that can be faced in social research. “Informed consent, deception, privacy, physical or mental distress, problems in sponsored research, scientific misconduct or fraud, and scientific advocacy” (Hilton, Fawson, Sullivan & DeJong, 2019). Informed consent means having the adequate amount of information possible to make a logical decision about health care practices. Deception means falsely advertising or promoting something that is completely different in real life. Privacy means making sure that the correct information isn’t released to the wrong people for incorrect reasons. Physical and mental distressed caused from research can cause someone to completely shut down and stop research. The list continues on, showing us why research needs to be conducted in the most ethical way possible and protect the patients.
Hilton, T., Fawson, P., Sullivan, T., & DeJong, C. (2019). Applied Social Research (10th ed.).