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Learning Goal: I’m working on a writing exercise and need support to help me learn.
Our general theme this semester is Health, Wellness, and Community. One of the specifications for the “Recommendation Report with Literature Review” assignment is a literature review constructed from 6 or more reputable sources (e.g., peer-reviewed articles from the databases of the Chester Fritz Library). Given that the Recommendation Report serves as the impetus and focus for the Proposal, it would be beneficial to begin problematizing the course theme and thinking about ways to resolve or address the problems you uncover in your exploratory research. For example, one might begin by posing questions about the lived experiences in one’s own communities, for example, the elderly, parents, the homeless, children, etc.: What health and wellness issues/concerns/problems does a community (or group) in your purview face in relation to the theme of health and wellness? Perhaps there are physical health concerns, mental health issues, environmental forces, natural and manmade disasters, adverse economic conditions, religious/spiritual issues, inner city and rural food deserts, inner city and rural access to physical and mental health services and the potentialities of telemedicine, and so on. In response to one of these problems/challenges, what would you propose to address a health/wellness problem? A quantitative or qualitative study, a health intiative to achieve legislative and policy changes at the local and state levels, a public awareness and educational program that is offered in community centers, or local schools, depending on audience? The following may be helpful as you formulate and structure your own approach to a problem related to health and wellness.
Haidt, J., & Twenge, J. (ongoing). Social media and mental health: A collaborative review. Unpublished manuscript, New York University.
Two studies published in January 2019 suggested that there is little or no association between social media use and harmful mental health outcomes: Orben & Przybylski (2019) and Heffer, Good, et al. (2019). A third study published in January suggested that there is a more substantial link: Kelly, Zilanawala, Booker, & Sacker (2019). These three studies, all published in reputable journals in the same month, were getting attention from journalists, leaving many parents and policymakers confused about what to believe. We (Haidt & Twenge) therefore thought it would be useful to gather together in one place the abstracts of the studies that are often referred to in these debates.
We divide the studies into three categories, based on which method they use: 1) cross-sectional correlational studies, 2) time lag or longitudinal studies, and 3) true experiments. Each method answers a different question. Finding answers to the three questions will allow us to address the question everyone cares about: is social media contributing to the recent rise in anxiety, depression, self-harm, and suicide among American and British teenagers? The answers may be too tentative to form the basis of legislation in 2019, but not to form the basis for advice to parents, millions of whom are asking questions like: Should I let my 11-year old child have an Instagram or Snapchat account? If not now, then when? If yes, then should I impose any time limits? These questions are important and in the forefront of many parents’ minds. We’ll offer some suggestions for parents at the end of the document.
Length requirement: 600 words. Read the attached selections in the following order: 1) Original Article: Twenge et al. Increases in depressive symptoms, suicide-related outcomes, and suicide rates among U.S. adolescents after 2010 and links to increased new media screen-time; 2) Critique: Ophir et al. New-media screen time is not (necessarily) linked to depression: Comments on Twenge, Joiner, Rogers, and Martin; 3) Twenge et al. response to Ophir et al.: Twenge et al. Considering all of the data on digital media use and depressive symptoms: Response to Ophir et al. Prepare an APA-formatted bibliographic entry for each article.
Your job is to set aside your opinion on the focus of each study article (you may or may not agree with the findings), and to put these articles into conversation with one another. The following questions are meant to get you thinking about that conversation: What is each piece arguing? Are they responding to similar or different arguments? If they are not directly referencing one another, do they seem to be responding to each other in any way–either registering agreement or disagreement? What are their shared or differing assumptions about the issue at hand or the best way to address that issue? (Note: you do not need to respond at this point by interjecting your personal opinion; rather than taking sides, your job is to act as the “moderator of the debate,” sharing the different perspectives and their relationships to one another.)
NOTE: You will find 4 uploaded files, one of them is for assignment 1, and the other 3 files for assignment 2.